Former British Cycling and Team Sky chief doctor Richard Freeman has been permanently struck off the medical register, a tribunal has ruled.
The Medical Practitioners Tribunal found Dr Freeman’s fitness to practise impaired on Thursday, and imposed the strongest possible sanction on Friday.
Dr Freeman admitted or was found guilty of 21 of 22 charges relating to the ordering of testosterone to British Cycling headquarters in 2011, as well as poor record-keeping and inappropriate treatment of non-riders.
The central charge, which Dr Freeman denied, was he ordered the Testogel "knowing or believing" it was to be given to a rider for doping purposes.
The rider who was the intended recipient of the substance has not been named.
The tribunal dismissed Dr Freeman’s defence and said on Thursday: "In all the circumstances, the tribunal determined that Dr Freeman’s actions would be considered as deplorable by members of the public and fellow practitioners.
"The tribunal considered that Dr Freeman’s conduct surrounding the order of the Testogel amounted to a long and considered pattern of very serious dishonesty."
On its decision regarding sanctions, it said it considered Dr Freeman’s behaviour as "fundamentally incompatible with continued registration".
It said: "The tribunal has therefore determined that erasure is the only sufficient sanction which would protect patients, maintain public confidence in the profession and send a clear message to Dr Freeman, the profession and the public that his misconduct constituted behaviour unbefitting and incompatible with that of a registered doctor.
"The tribunal therefore determined that Dr Freeman’s name be erased from the medical register."
Dr Freeman is currently working as a GP in Lancashire as part of the COVID-19 vaccination programme.
The tribunal will now decide whether to impose the sanction immediately or allow him to continue working during a 28-day period in which he has the right to appeal.